Some varieties are common in stores, making them easy (and inexpensive) to add to your houseplant collection. Make sure to keep it well away from drafts. It even has purple stems! This is a new type of Philodendron cultivar that thrives in warm environments. The Pink Princess hybrid is a type of Philodendron plant with green and pink variegated leaves. As with all Philodendron plants, keep the soil moist and don’t overwater. Philodendron hederaceum (Heartleaf Philodendron) This is the most common type of philodendron you’ll see at the garden store. With heart-shaped leaves and a deep green color, these plants are a wonderful accent in any home setting. There are many different kinds of philodendrons, and some may appeal to you more than others. If you’re falling in love with variegated plants, you’ll love this: this heart-leaf cultivar is variegated with dark-green and black leaves and splashes of bright pink and red. One of the best examples of an upright, non-climbing, indoor type of Philodendron is the Xanadu cultivar. You can grow this Philodendron in containers and prune it regularly to maintain a bushy shape. Average room temperatures are perfect for growing Philodendrons, so keep even temperatures of between 65°F and 80°F (18°C – 27°C). As its name suggests, the leaves have a velvety texture with stunning iridescent foliage. Its large glossy green lobed leaves capture attention as this large houseplant reflects light to brighten up a room. The large heart-shaped leaves on this crawling variety of Philodendron are a deep green color with pinkish margins, and pale green, white, or pinkish veins. The heart shaped leaves of philodendron Micans have a velvety feel. Upright Philodendrons vs. Although most philodendron are distinctly vine-like, a number of species and cultivars have leaves spaced so close together that the stem is not visible until some of the lower (older) leaves abscise (fall off). Botanical Name: Philodendron hederaceum, Philodendron cordatum (see below for available varieties) These vining Philodendrons are unquestionably easy-care indoor plants because they actually thrive on being ignored for short periods of time. View More on Instagram. The Philodendron gloriosum is a species of plant with spectacular dark green leaves and white veins. Philodendron acreanum: Philodendron acuminatissimum: Philodendron acutifolium: Philodendron adhatodifolium: Philodendron advena: Philodendron aemulum: ... Add a plant Search by name Search by type Plant Combinations. The Philodendron genus contains some of the most beautiful foliage plants in the plant kingdom. to provide nutrients to support growth and color. You can hang the vining plants in a basket from the ceiling or place on a high shelf for the beautiful long stems to create an attractive vertical accent. With dark stems and vibrant dark green foliage, this philodendron is a budget friendly alternative to other indoor philodendron varieties without compromising on the beautiful big leaf aesthetics. 1. The darker-leafed species of Philodendron are suitable for shaded areas. When new leaves grow, the leaves can be a pinkish-purple color. Best Varieties to Grow in Water. Although this is not a rare variety of Philodendron, it’s not easy to find it in garden centers. In the picture: Philodendron erubescens ‘Red Emerald’ which has red stems. Various types of Philodendron plants in a greenhouse. Stake philodendrons for more height. Make sure to provide lots of bright, indirect light to maintain the colors, and whatever you do, do NOT let this variety get cold. The Philodendron will grow in low-light environments, but the vibrancy of its leaves may fade. Care For Your Philodendron hybrids These hybrids can be displayed anywhere there’s bright, indirect light to keep its vibrant colors and should be rotated every few weeks to ensure even growth. Origin: Central- and South-America 6. persistent and evergreen herbaceous plant 7. growth in its natural environment up to 6 metres, as a home plant up to 3 metres 8. Philodendron ‘Lemon Lime’ Philodendrons fall into two basic categories: vining and non-trailing (also called self-heading). Mix Perlite into potting soil to make the propagation medium. Larger types include the spade-leaf philodendron (P. domesticum), with triangular leaves up to 60 cm (24 inches) long, and the tree philodendron (P. bipinnatifidum), with deeply cut leaves up to 1 metre (3 feet) long, both of which are striking plants that require considerable indoor space. Philodendron plants are tropical flowering plants in the family Araceae. The best place to grow a Prince of Orange Philodendron is in a bright spot, away from direct sunlight. Also called the blushing or red-leaf philodendron, this variety is a little more delicate than other philodendrons. There are some 200 species of Philodendron in the aroid family, Araceae.These tropical herbs are indigenous to tropical America. It needs bright, indirect sunlight to keep the leaves vibrant. Don’t miss our guide on philodendron care. This short, shrubby philodendron is a cultivar of the heartleaf, but instead of deep-green, the leaves are a bold lime-green color! This beautiful philodendron variety makes a stunning floor plant with its large, deep-green leaves with contrasting white veins. This variety of Philodendron doesn’t tolerate cold as well as other plants. There are about 400 species of philodendron, a member of the family araceae. As a tropical indoor plant, the growth is restricted to the size of the pot. Other species of Philodendron need brighter light but protected from direct sunlight. Waiting until the soil partly dries also helps to prevent problems with fungus gnats. This type of Philodendron plant features delightful glossy dark green foliage in the shape of an arrowhead or elongated heart. Not to be confused with monstera deliciosa (which is often mistakenly called a split-leaf philodendron), this large variety grows upright and has large “lobed” leaves that are slightly ruffled. Find more information about the best fertilizers for Philodendron in our article about the best fertilizers for indoor plants. It typically grows 2 to 3 feet wide at maturity. The vining plant has thick stems with small heart-shaped leaves that have glossy appearance. To care for your plant properly, mist the leaves daily or place the plant pot on a humidifying tray. They will grow to massive sizes in a perfect environment. One of the easiest ways to tell pothos and philodendrons apart is by their … Non-climbing philodendron, commonly known as self-heading philodendron or tree philodendron, are marked by large leaves held aloft on sturdy stems. Both species of Philodendron are from the same species—P. As the leaves mature it will turn to almost black Philodendrons are typically vines or non-vining forms, such Read more… By philodendron, 1 year However, variegated Philodendron plants need bright, filtered light. This color combination gives the plant a stunning appearance with large pointed leaves of different shades growing together. It’s very easy to maintain, but make sure to give it plenty of bright, indirect light for maximum variegation! These surprisingly colorful and almost iridescent leaves are dark green with lighter veins on top and unexpected, rusty-orange undersides. The long trailing stems with large eye-catching leaves help to add height and greenery to any kind of room. And you can break philodendron plants into two categories. Image: Flickr. Other varieties are a bit trickier to find and therefore more appropriate for more seasoned, serious houseplant collectors. Climbing types, including Philodendron hederaceum var. Make sure to keep it away from drafts! Upright-growing philodendrons are just as … Also called Rojo Congo, this type of philodendron is also self-heading so it doesn’t vine or climb. Burle Marx philodendron is very easy to grow and propagate! Philodendron ‘Congo Rojo’ has purple, burgundy and dark green foliage. Cool! Depending on how the light shines on the leaves, the Philodendron plant can look dark green, light green, or bronze. Philodendron varieties are some of the easiest, fastest-growing houseplants out there! As the leaves mature, they gradually turn to darker shades of green. The ‘Congo Rojo’ only grows in tropical and subtropical climates outdoors. Depending on your interior décor, you can choose between a hanging (vining) Philodendron or an upright Philodendron variety. (which is often mistakenly called a split-leaf philodendron), this large variety grows upright and has large “lobed” leaves that are slightly ruffled. Philodendron Care 1. oxycardium, make popular hanging basket plants. To get the best out of the ‘Micans’ plant, grow in a hanging basket in bright, indirect sunlight. This fast growing vining Philodendron has variegated heart shaped leaves that have lemon and lime green colors. Its mounded shape means that it’s excellent as a floor plant or displaying on a planter. Prune when the plant is too long and root the cuttings. This deep watering technique allows the roots to stay constantly moist without becoming waterlogged. These large-leafed Philodendrons grow well in hanging baskets or as a climbing plant. The Philodendron Pink Princess is a beautiful indoor plant with green and pink variegated leaves. A primary hemiepiphytic philodendron starts life high up in the canopy where the seed initially sprouts. This short, sturdy variety grows more slowly than other philodendrons and will need some kind of support to keep it upright as it grows. Their glossy leaves add a touch of indoor jungle to your home, reminiscent of the tropical areas of the Americas to which they are native. Along with the plant descriptions and pictures, scientific names will help identify each species of Philodendron. As a general rule, philodendrons are easy to care for. The lacy tree Philodendron looks similar to the Xanadu plant—and there’s a good reason for that. However, the soil needs to stay moist between watering. Enjoy younger specimens as tabletop plants; older, more mature specimens make for better floor plants. It looks very similar except for the tiny “hairs” that give the leaves a velvety texture. The upright types tend to be larger-leaved and have a more compact habit. Always water your green, leafy plant by thoroughly soaking or drenching the soil. New leaves often have light-pink veins that turn white as the leaves grow. Aerial Roots. The large leaves on the Philodendron may be as long as 1 ft. (30 cm). The velvety green heart-shaped leaves can grow up to 3 ft. (90 cm) high. Most philodendron varieties are also easy to propagate from cuttings, but a little Propagation Promoter can help your cuttings grow strong, healthy roots in no time! Rugosum Philodendron has huge heart shaped leaves. From all of the varieties of houseplants to choose from, Philodendron plants are some of the easiest to look after. The distinguishing feature of this plant from the family Araceae is the exceptionally large leaves. Looking closely at pictures of this Philodendron, you’ll notice intricate patterns on the dark green heart-shaped leaves. This Philodendron cultivar is an upright, non-climbing, plant that can reach an upright height of 2 ft. (60 cm). Its easy going nature, ease of propagation, and whimsical beauty makes the philodendron one of the best houseplants for beginners. Most philodendron varieties are also easy to. If you want to grow this type of Philodendron indoors, you’ll need to have plenty of space. However, many houseplant varieties have heart-shaped leaves that are much smaller. Another name for this stout, evergreen climber, is the red-leaf Philodendron. This type of Philodendron can be grown as a hanging plant or climbing plant. This plant grows slowly, but it can reach 3 feet in height and grow to several feet wide. The Xanadu cultivar is an upright non-climbing philodendron type with split leaves. This vining plant is extremely easy to grow and only requires occasional watering when the soil is partly dry. This can be your next family heirloom plant. However, compared to other varieties of Philodendron, this cultivar is a bright-looking plant. The name ‘Philodendron’ means ‘tree loving’ in Greek and, believe me, there is plenty to love. As a general rule, philodendrons are easy to care for. Fertilize your Philodendron plants once a month during the growing season—spring and summer. Don’t miss our guide on philodendron care. Other varieties include Congo Rojo, which sprouts deep red foliage, and Moonlight, that features very beautiful, pale green foliage. The plant then grows as an epiphyte. Stop fertilizing during fall and winter when growth slows down. Philodendron Bipinnatifidum. As the lacy tree Philodendron (Philodendron Selloum) grows and matures, its leaves become huge and start drooping. 25.7k followers. Philodendron ‘Black Cardinal’ has blackish green broad oval leaves. However, the true ‘Pink Princess’ has natural leaf variegation that will last as long as the plant does. Philodendron Brasil. Although the Philodendron ‘Brasil’ can tolerate low to medium light, bright light helps keep its foliage vibrant. There are two types of philodendrons: climbing and non-climbing. Some upright philodendrons can still climb up a moss pole, but they don’t vine and are typically a lot larger. A Philodendron is a quick growing plant, so you won't have to wait for months for it to grow larger. Make sure their pots and soil drain well and water when the top few inches of soil are dry. You can prune this climbing plant to encourage bushy growth and prevent floppy, leggy plant growth. 13 Philodendron Types with Pictures and Care Guide. It shows off large leaves that emerge reddish-purple before maturing to a deep, dark green. Unlike fast-growing Philodendron climbers, this upright variety grows slowly. This unusual philodendron sports shiny, rounded, heart-shaped leaves that look like cute little valentines. A potting mixture of peat moss, perlite, and potting soil should create the perfect medium for Philodendron plants to thrive indoors. Some varieties of upright Philodendrons include the Xanadu and the Green Congo Philodendron. The Philodendron hederaceum is also named ‘sweetheart plant’ and ‘Heartleaf Philodendron’ because of its heart shaped leaves. The most popular philodendron types: Common Philodendron plants are the heartleaf Philodendron with its long trailing foliage, the velvet-leaf plant, the Brasil Philodendron cultivar, and the stunning Pink Princess. Before we jump into the list, know that there are two main types of philodendron: trailing types and upright types. Most climbing or hanging Philodendrons have heart-shaped leaves and long trailing vines. Water should easily drain out the pot’s drainage holes. “Many plants can be trained as a vine to grow along a wall or around a window,” says Tassy de Give, owner of the Brooklyn plant shop Sprout Home. The long trailing stems can reach lengths of between 10 and 20 ft. (3 – 6 m). (That is, if you can find one!). The shiny leaves are also much more elongated and arrow-shaped than the typical heart shape of vining philodendrons. With the most unusual name on our list rojo congo philodendron are an easy to care for and rewarding indoor plant. On the other hand when new leaves emerge they are initially a burgundy red but as they mature they become a dark green. The Philodendron grazielae is one of the most intriguing of all the Philodendron species. This upright philodendron has large, shiny, dramatically heart-shaped leaves that start out as grayish but then become more silvery-green as the leaves mature. There are vine types and non-vine types of philodendrons. This is one of our favorite philodendron varieties! If you are looking to buy a pink Philodendron, be careful of the variety marketed as ‘Pink Congo.’ This type of houseplant has artificially-colored pink leaves that will turn back to dark green in about six months. 5. If you want a plant that makes you feel like you're in a jungle, but you don't want to spend too much time taking care of that plant, the Philodendron is the right plant for you. The Philodendron ‘Congo Rojo’ is a large-leafed plant that has elongated oval-shaped leaves in various shades of red, burgundy, and dark green. These cultivars are called “cream splash Philodendron” and are difficult to find, even online. Scandens, or the sweetheart plant, is one of the sturdiest houseplants available, and of all the philodendron varieties, it’s the best choice for indoor gardens. This Philodendron is named after the distinguished Brazilian landscape architec Philodendron Prince of Orange gets its name from its orange-colored new leaves. Or, you can put it in a hanging basket and let the shiny green leaves brighten up a dull corner of a room or office. Hemiepiphytic philodendrons can be classified into two types: primary and secondary hemiepiphytes. Also called the velvet-leaf Philodendron, the ‘Micans’ plant is a trailing vine with heart-shaped leaves. Some rare types of Philodendron ‘Brasil’ have yellow, green, and creamy-white variegation. You’ll need a lot of room if you want to grow this upright Philodendron plant as it can grow up to 3 ft. (1 m) tall and 6 ft. (2 m) wide. Keep well away from drafts and vents, and make sure to water with room-temperature water, not cold. Many varieties are plants that are suitable for low-light conditions where there is high humidity—for example, in bathrooms. Whatever your interior décor, there is a type of Philodendron to suit your taste. If you’re ready to try your first philodendron, this is a great choice! Although most Philodendron plants tolerate a wide range of conditions, the Pink Princess is fussier. Another of the interesting Philodendron cultivars is the ‘Prince of Orange.’ This Philodendron plant gets its name from the large coppery-orange leaves that emerge from it. You’ll be a philodendron freak in no time! Many also have lobed, or split leaves. This indoor plant is an excellent specimen evergreen leafy plant. Grow Philodendron plants in a potting mix that has excellent drainage, but still holds some moisture. xl Best Indoor, Philodendron Brandtianum Decorative heart shaped leaves of deep green and silver markings that almost appear to be pixilated. This hybrid plant, the Philodendron Moonlight, is a non-vining, clump-forming plant that has bright, lime-green leaves. For indoor use, there are two basic types of philodendrons: the climbing varieties and the self-heading (non-climbing) types. Fiddle Leaf Fig Plant Food Moisture Meter, The Ultimate Guide to Philodendron Varieties, Philodendron varieties are some of the easiest, fastest-growing houseplants out there! If you want an impressive floor plant that’s easy to care for and adds an unusual color to your space, look no further! This species of Philodendron is related to the heartleaf plant and has leaves of a similar shape. This trailing philodendron is easy to care for and looks beautiful in hanging baskets. Philodendron Plant Overview. These tropical plants thrive in high humidity and temperatures between 65°F and 80°F (18°C – 27°C). From a distance, the leathery look of the plant’s foliage makes it look like a plastic plant. are right for you! Other Philodendron types grow upright and have large split or deeply-lobed leaves. Pothos Pothos is a common houseplant for improving indoor air quality, making home and office environments beautiful. Varieties of the Philodendron Plant. The big lacy tree Philodendron is also called lacy leaf Philodendron, split-leaf Philodendron, Horsehead Philodendron, Cut-Leaf Philodendron, or Fiddle-leaf Philodendron. Coming from subtropical and tropical regions, Philodendron plants need high levels of humidity. Blossom: none 9. dark-green, big leaves 10. don’t confuse it with the Monstera 11. root climberPhilodendron is one of the well-loved decorative and … This plant grows slowly, but it will climb a trellis beautifully and reward you with lots of spectacularly variegated leaves if you give it plenty of bright, indirect light. Leaf Shape and Texture. Philodendron Xanadu. Upright Philodendron plants usually have large, split leaves. Sometimes the green leaves can be so huge that they need some support. Closeup of the green leaves of a type of philodendron plant in the cloud forests at Mindo near Quito Ecuador. The name ‘blushing’ comes from the reddish-purple underside of the large Philodendron leaves. Keep away from drafts and use room-temperature water, and feed regularly with Indoor Plant Food to provide nutrients to support growth and color. The thick woody stems seem to arch in different directions, giving the plant a unique appearance. Another name for this Philodendron is sweetheart plant, and it is also botanically known as Philodendron scandens. Its brightly-colored leaves contrast with the pinkish-green stems to create an unusual hanging basket houseplant. How to care for philodendron plants: Grow Philodendron plants in well-draining soil, a bright indoor location, and water whenever the top 1” (2.5 cm) of soil is dry. This variety grows a bit slower than the smaller, trailing varieties, but it can grow quite large and make a bold statement in any space! Philodendron domesticum (Elephant Ear Philodendron) Apart from growing in the soil, a couple of varieties of this NASA-approved air-purifying plant can be grown in water. 3. You’ll be a philodendron freak in no time! Kind: Monocotyledons 4. You’ll probably recognize its deep-green, heart-shaped leaves and long vines. Make sure their pots and soil drain well and water when the top few inches of soil are dry. Ideally, the sunlight should never shine directly on the foliage. If the hanging Philodendron plant doesn’t get enough light, you may notice that the trailing vines become leggy with sparse foliage growth. Philodendron gloriosum has large velvety green leaves with white or pinkish veins. selloum or P. bipinnatifidum. Moonlight Philodendron. This specific species of Philodendron prefers shaded areas or low light conditions. Philodendron hederaceum. This species likes a bit more humidity than other philodendrons, but otherwise, it is easy to care for. Place the Xanadu plant in a location with medium to bright light. 2. Those philodendron varieties that feature velvety leaves are far less tolerant of direct sunlight and require higher levels of humidity than other varieties. Philodendron hederaceum (Heartleaf Philodendron), Philodendron domesticum (Elephant Ear Philodendron), Philodendron hederaceum micans (Velvet-Leaf Philodendron), Philodendron bipinnatifidum (Split-Leaf Philodendron), Plant Identification Pop Quiz: Low-Light Plants. The fluorescent green foliage can brighten up any shaded corner of a room. Plant Family: Arads (Araceae) 2. A Philodendron Brasil (shown Above) adds a leafy backdrop to a bedroom. This plant is one of the most popular types of philodendrons because they’re the easiest to care for.