The Scottsboro defendants were ultimately saved from execution, but they languished in prison for years. All but the youngest defendant were convicted by all-white juries in the town of Scottsboro and quickly sentenced to death - the false charges helped spur the modern civil rights movement. April 9: 13-year-old Roy Wright is also tried. 10 seconds . April 9, 1933: Haywood Patterson found guilty by jury and sentenced to death in the electric chair. Haywood Patterson, Olen Montgomery, Clarence Norris, Willie Roberson, Andy Wright, Ozzie Powell, Eugene Williams, Charley Weems and Roy Wright were searching for work when a racially-charged fight broke out between passengers. Even after being released, most never fully recovered from their ordeal. right to represent the Scottsboro boys. The charge of raping white women was an explosive accusation, and within two weeks the Scottsboro Boys were convicted and eight sentenced to death, the youngest, Leroy Wright at age 13, to life imprisonment. To Kill a Mockingbird, the Pulitzer Prize-winning novel by white author Harper Lee, is also loosely based on this case. By the early 1930s, with the nation mired in the Great Depression, many Q. See mini biographies of the Scottsboro Boys here. The events that culminated in the trials began in the early spring of 1931, when nine young black men were falsely accused of raping two white women on a train. Also as in Scottsboro, one major problem in Tom Robinson’s trial is that the jury is racially biased. The original cases were tried in Scottsboro, Alabama. The young white men who were fighting were forced to exit the train. The nine were initially convicted by an all-white jury and all but the youngest, Roy Wright, were sentenced to death. Their trials began 12 days after the alleged crime and, despite ample evidence that they were innocent, eight of the nine were found guilty by all-white juries and sentenced to death in the electric chair. After this initial verdict, protests emerged in the north, leading to the U.S. Supreme Court overturning the convictions in 1932, in Powell v. State of Alabama. They were convicted and executed via the electric chair in 1915 for the murder in 1913 of 74-year-old John Q. Lewis. April 18, 1933: Judge Horton postpones the trials of the other Scottsboro boys because of dangerously high local tensions. By day’s end, a crowd of several hundred people had gathered outside of the jail, demanding that the … By the time the train reached Paint Rock, Alabama, the Scottsboro Boys were met with an angry mob and charged with assault. After a fight between whites and blacks on the train, the black teenagers were arrested in Paint Rock, Alabama, and taken to nearby Scottsboro, where following a hasty trial, all but one of the young men were sentenced to death. Enraged, they conjured a story of how the black men were at fault for the incident. It is commonly cited as an example of a miscarriage of justice in the United States legal system. Who were the two women accusing the Scottsboro boys? Nov 8, 2018 - Explore Judith Roane's board "The Scottsboro Boys/George Stinney,Jr. The Scottsboro Boys were a group of nine black teenagers, ranging from ages 13 to 19, who were wrongly convicted of raping two white women on a freight train in 1931. The original cases were tried in Scottsboro, Alabama. He was executed immediately. 1400 Constitution Ave NW, Washington, DC 20560, Get the latest information about timed passes and tips for planning your visit, Search the collection and explore our exhibitions, centers, and digital initiatives, Online resources for educators, students, and families, Engage with us and support the Museum from wherever you are, Learn more about the Museum and view recent news, Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, National Museum of African American History and Culture, Five Trailblazers You Should Know: Pride Edition. Haywood Patterson managed to escape in … See more ideas about Scottsboro boys, Scottsboro, Boy george. The Scottsboro Boys spent the two years between the first and second trials in Depression-era? The Supreme Court demanded a retrial on the grounds that the young men did not have adequate legal representation. execution of Paterson and Norris; in February 1935, the _____ ruled the boys' rights were violated when blacks were purposely excluded from sitting on the _____. Eight of the nine defendants, including the three who were recently pardoned, were originally … Nothing happened. During their wait on death row, another prisoner, Will Stokes, was executed … Sentences for the rest ranged from 75 years to death. Exonerating the Scottsboro Nine Feb. 15, 2013 Decades too late, the Alabama Legislature is moving to grant posthumous pardons to the Scottsboro Boys — … But by the end of the train ride, nine young men—all African American, all teenagers—were headed toward their death by an unjust, vigilante mob and a legal system that didn’t value their lives. 8. The Scottsboro Trials were among the most infamous episodes of legal injustice in the Jim Crow South. Nine young black Alabama youths – ranging in age from 12 to 19 – were charged with raping two white women near the small town of Scottsboro, Alabama. he Scottsboro Boys case began on March 25, 1931, when nine young black men In 1931, Alabama wanted to execute the black Scottsboro Boys because two white women claimed they were gang raped. The perseverance of the Scottsboro Boys and the attorneys and community leaders who supported their case helped to inspire several prominent activists and organizers. Nine young black Alabama youths – ranging in age from 12 to 19 – were charged with raping two white women near the small town of Scottsboro, Alabama. May 7, 1933 The cases were tried and appealed in Alabama and twice argued before the U.S. Supreme Court. answer choices . Victoria Price and Ruby Bates, two white women who were also riding the freight train, faced charges of vagrancy and illegal sexual activity. In order to avoid these charges, they falsely accused the Scottsboro Boys of rape. SURVEY . Only four of the young African American men knew each other prior to the incident on the freight train, but as the trials drew increasing regional and national attention they became known as the Scottsboro Boys. 10. One was shot … Their trials began 12 days after the alleged crime and, despite ample evidence that they were innocent, eight of the nine were found guilty by all-white juries and sentenced to death in the electric chair. As the sheriff sent the women to two local doctors for medical examinations, news of the alleged attacks spread. The fourth Scottsboro trial resulted in the conviction of _____ of the nine Scottsboro boys. Even after being released, most never fully recovered from their ordeal, and their story has come to be known as 'an American tragedy.' Many believe the Scottsboro Boys, as they would become known, were the catalyst for the civil rights movement in the United States. The Scottsboro Boys were nine African American teenagers, ages 13 to 19, accused in Alabama of raping two white women in 1931. On November 21, the Alabama Board of Pardons and Paroles unanimously voted to posthumously pardon Charles Weems, Andy Wright, and Haywood Patterson, three of the nine “Scottsboro Boys,” a group of black teenagers who were charged in 1931 of raping two white women. Although long deceased, the three were the last of a larger group to have their convictions cleared from the oicial record. The nine, after nearly being lynched, were brought to trial in Scottsboro in April 1931, just three weeks after their Scottsboro case, major U.S. civil rights controversy of the 1930s surrounding the prosecution in Scottsboro, Alabama, of nine black youths charged with the rape of two white women. The Scottsboro defendants were ultimately saved from execution, but they languished in prison for years. 29. 2009] SCOTTSBORO 381 Bates, called over a posse member and told him that she and her companion, Victoria Price, had been gang-raped by the blacks. Only four of the young African American men knew each other prior to the incident on the freight train, but as the trials drew increasing regional and national attention they became known as the Scottsboro Boys. Their story has rightly been called 'an American tragedy. All but two served prison sentences. The boys were immediately arrested and taken to the Scottsboro jail. On April 9, 1931, eight of the nine young men were convicted and sentenced to death. Tags: Question 2 . June 22, 1931 Executions are stayed pending appeal to Alabama Supreme Court. He was struck by a bayonet. July 10, 1931 : On the date first set for their executions, the Scottsboro boys listen to the execution of Willie Stokes, the first of ten blacks to be executed … In a series of trials, state appeals and appeals to the United States Supreme Court, the execution of the young men was prevented. RESOURCES » Alabama's Death Penalty: Still Haunted by the Past » Scottsboro Timeline (pbs.org) ', » PBS: Scottsboro: An American Tragedy (pbs.org), » The Scottsboro Boys Trials (law.umkc.edu), » Scottsboro Boys Trial and Defense Campaign (blackpast.org), » The Scottsboro Boys – A new musical about the case (scottsboromusical.com), ACLU History: Fighting for Racial Justice. By 1946, four were paroled, but one was sent back to jail for a parole violation. The case marked the first stirrings of the civil rights movement and led to two landmark Supreme Court rulings that established important rights for criminal defendants. Finally, wrongful convictions based on racial bias were not just a Southern phenomenon. 28. . As national outrage over the convictions grew, numerous organizations came forward to assist with appeals, including the ACLU. SURVEY . Four of the “Scottsboro Boys” were exonerated, two because they were only 12 and 13 years old at the time of their conviction and had already served sufficient time. As in Scottsboro, Mockingbird concerns the allegations of the rape of a white woman by a black man, a crime punishable by death penalty in Alabama at the time. 15. The cases included a lynch mob before the suspects had been indicted, all-white juries, rushed trials, and disruptive mobs. Only 6 of the boys were accused but the police believed that all of the boys were to be blamed because they were black. Only once or twice a week they were allowed out of their cells, when they were handcuffed and walked a few yards down a hall to showers. The landmark set of legal cases from this incident dealt with racism and the right to a fair trial. ATLANTA — More than 80 years after they were falsely accused and wrongly convicted in the rapes of a pair of white women in north Alabama, three … In 1948, the “Scottsboro Boys of the North,” also known as the Trenton 6, were arrested for the killing of a white furniture store owner in Trenton, New Jersey. On April 9, 1931, eight of the nine young men were convicted and sentenced to death. From what I can remember charges were finally dropped for four of the nine defendants. ACLU lawyers played a major role in the infamous 'Scottsboro Boys' case, which began in 1931 and would ultimately have far-reaching effects. Tags: Question 4 . Executed Yes The brothers were prominent black farmers in Chester County, South Carolina, believed to be the wealthiest blacks in the area. Their cells were next to the execution chamber. He was sentenced to a life sentence in prison. The case of the Scottsboro Boys, which lasted more than 80 years, helped to spur the Civil Rights Movement. 9. ", followed by 141 people on Pinterest. Subsequently, the national conversation and protests of unfair and unequal court proceedings led to two additional groundbreaking Supreme Court decisions in 1935 on jury diversification: Patterson v. State of Alabama and Norris v. State of Alabama. April 8 - 9: Olen Montgomery, Ozie Powell, Willie Roberson, Eugene Williams, and Andy Wright are also tried, convicted and sentenced to death. As the sheriff sent the women to two local doctors for medical examinations, news of the alleged attacks spread. The fight is said to have started when a young white man stepped on the hand of one of the Scottsboro Boys. The judge granted Roy Wright, the youngest of the group, a mistrial because of age—despite the recommendation of the all-white jury. Alabama prisons. While appeals were filed for them, the Alabama Supreme Court issued indefinite stays of executions for them only seventy-two hours before they were scheduled to die. The boys were immediately arrested and taken to the Scottsboro jail. Only four of the young African American men knew each other prior to the incident on the freight train, but as the trials drew increasing regional and national attention they became known as the Scottsboro Boys.