153 0 obj <>stream She was a human computer. Katherine Johnson (1918-2020) was an African American physicist and mathematician who worked at NASA during the early years of the space program. Johnson made critical technical contributions during her career of 33 years, which included calculating the trajectory of the 1961 flight of Alan Shepard. NASA research mathematician Katherine Johnson is photographed at her desk at Langley Research Center in 1966. Concept: Understanding Components of Scientific Notation . Hidden Figures Questions and Answers - Discover the eNotes.com community of teachers, mentors and students just like you that can answer any question you might have on Hidden Figures 114 0 obj <> endobj This article is part of the NASA Knows! From a young age, Johnson enjoyed mathematics and could easily solve mathematical equations. Katherine Johnson (played in the film by Taraji P. Henson), Mary Jackson (played by Janelle Monáe) and Dorothy Vaughan (played by Octavia Spencer) were among those women. Her mother was a teacher and her father was a farmer and janitor. Katherine Paterson is an American children's author. �Ϥ�^'L[��Fɬ�s �fi�3�Ocb!�&�I')�*��L%p(�HI���`*�4�����y�G[k�m(�"��3���u>ca��TӼ�a�?�U�k"O`8���;U�b=�IJZ�w6:ō�L�(Ŵ��u*l�ڇ�������� ����{�|�E�����iK{wvi�Σ2���|��%�4�h�#'�h���ak��UI�k�m�h�����_fM֟U_y�����p�]-?�ܵ���2ˋ��sD�EOxk{E/�N�d��E��#�AUOC}L/39��0i��P}äU}�g:5}�g�O�9Y=������,��w���.z#|�Gϣ�17�&L���� f��D?�����._����7d�eS>�oC>;o ��B�֓^�"�5Lǂ���. %PDF-1.7 %���� As you read, take notes on the challenges Johnson faced along her career path. - Katherine Johnson was loaned out to the Flight Mechanics branch for temporary work. The PDF resources below are password protected. Copyright © 2020 Education.com, Inc, a division of IXL Learning • All Rights Reserved. Katherine Johnson was born on August 26, 1918 to Joshua and Joylette Coleman in White Sulphur Springs, West Virginia. All About Katherine Johnson Use this reading and writing worksheet to introduce your second and third graders to the inspiring mathematician and physicist Katherine Johnson. Warm-Up Activity . Students use teacher selected resources for research and then utilize this digital templat Mathematician and computer scientist Katherine Johnson was born on August 26, 1918 in White Sulphur Springs, West Virginia to Joylette and Joshua Coleman. Before electronic computers, the term “computers” referred to people rather than machines. Katherine G. Johnson. Katherine Johnson is an African American mathematician whose calculations were important to the success of the first manned flight to space. Dorothy Vaughan, Mary Jackson, and Katherine Gobels Johnson crossed all gender, race, and professional lines while their brilliance and desire to dream big, beyond anything ever accomplished before by the human race, firmly cemented them in U.S. history as true American heroes. B �h&� [y)�� FI ���@�����yLG�1s*�ep/k j``j`� �������y\�0H�e8 ���D����IH�3�M~�?�{[��m�&D��=@� :t; Which of the following statements best describes the central idea of the text? In this biography, the NASA Science Team describes Johnson’s early life and her time working on their space missions. PART B: Which section from the text best supports the answer to Part A? Katherine Johnson plays a major role in calculating his flight trajectory. Learn more about this inspiring woman with this nonfiction reading comprehension worksheet. Her father mostly worked as a handyman at the Greenbrier Hotel, while her mother was a teacher. She was born on 26 August, 1918, White Sulphur Springs, West Virginia, U.S. three brilliant African-American women at NASA: Katherine Johnson, Dorothy Vaughan, and Mary Jackson. Johnson, Katherine G.: Determination of Azimuth Angle at Burnout for Placing a Satellite Over a Selected Earth Position (NASA Technical Note D-233; 1960), also by T. H. Skopinski (page images at HathiTrust) Help with reading books-- Report a bad link-- Suggest a new listing + +One way water enters a foundation is through cracks. This guide is designed to engage middle and high school youth, as well as adults, in a discussion about the film. 7th grade reading comprehension practice using an informational text about Katherine Johnson If you're seeing this message, it means we're having trouble loading external resources on our website. 135 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/ID[<93B1BC9D3AE2AA3B3A99166626CCF143>]/Index[114 40]/Info 113 0 R/Length 103/Prev 435736/Root 115 0 R/Size 154/Type/XRef/W[1 2 1]>>stream Katherine Johnson (1918-2020) was an African American physicist and mathematician who worked at NASA during the early years of the space program. The movie highlights their intelligence, sisterhood, and perseverance, as well as the racial and gender discrimination which affected their lives. h�b```"wV��� ��ea�h r��R�`�`�| �X0t�V��VbxA��΋� Katherine Johnson and Christine Darden – who started working at NASA as computers and made significant contributions to spaceflight . Katherine Johnson played a historical role as one of the first African-American women to work at NASA scientists. She has written many books, such as Bridge to Terabithia and Jacob, I have Loved. Learn about Katherine Johnson, a physicist, space scientist and mathematician, who played a very important role with NASA's early space missions. Credits: NASA/David C. Bowman. This worksheet makes a great addition to a social studies or U.S. history lesson during Black History Month or Women's History Month. Pearl Young. She received the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 2015. The Norfolk District of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers selected for the project, Turner Construction Co., and awarded the New York City-based company a $23-million construction contract in October 2014. 0 Katherine had three other siblings, and she was the youngest of the lot. Katherine Johnson tells the story of an incredible African American woman who was one of the major brains behind NASA's space missions. Katherine Johnson was a NASA mathematician who played a key role in numerous NASA missions during the Space Race, perhaps most notably calculating the trajectory needed to … Learn more about this inspiring woman with this nonfiction comprehension worksheet Who Is Katherine Johnson? Katherine Johnson overcame racial and gender discrimination and became one of the top mathematicians at NASA. NASA.gov brings you the latest images, videos and news from America's space agency. %%EOF Johnson’s mathematical genius was evident from an early age. Katherine Johnson: Katherine Johnson worked for NACA (National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics) and NASA (National Aeronautics and Space Administration) from 1953 until 1986. We were so sad to hear of her death, February 24, 2020 and want to ensure that her work ethic, determination, and motivation are legacy's for our students! who is katherine johnson. Katherine Johnson was an African American physicist and mathematician who worked to create the first calculations to send humans into space. HAMPTON, Va. (AP) — NASA says Katherine Johnson, a mathematician who worked on NASA’s early space missions and was portrayed in the film … In 2016, a building at NASA's Langley Research Center in Virginia was named in honor of Katherine Johnson. - Katherine Johnson was told by her relatives that the Langley Research Center had just opened up the “computer pool” to black women. endstream endobj startxref They will also have the opportunity to identify the author's purpose as well as to summarize to better understand the text. NASA research mathematician Katherine Johnson is photographed at her desk at Langley Research Center in 1966. Designed for fourth and fifth grade readers, this worksheet guides students to read a short biography and then answer comprehension questions about the text. Katherine Johnson, part of a small group of African-American women mathematicians who did crucial work at NASA, in 1966. Credit... NASA/Donaldson Collection, via Getty Images Students will enjoy learning about this ground-breaking woman who was central to America's success in the space race. One of NASA's human 'computers,' Katherine Johnson performed the complex calculations that enabled humans to successfully achieve space flight. In this biography, the NASA Science Team describes Johnson’s early life and her time working on their space missions. Jr�A��\��Z:W@��le�s,�؎���� She applied and was accepted to the segregated “West Computers” group. —20th Century Fox. Gloria Champine is a female mathematician at Langley who advances from a clerical position in the Dynamic Loads Division to a job as Technical Assistant to the Division Chief of Space Systems, a role that had previously only been held by men. Answer. In this resource, there is a nonfiction reading passage about NASA's amazing "human computer", Katherine Johnson. h�bbd``b`6�n@�i:�`5J+@@����� $�� �~ !�$�7 �4�^)�^I+Dt �] � "Hhe`bd`��I�g�� ` q5U Get the latest updates on NASA missions, watch NASA TV live, and learn about our quest to reveal the unknown and benefit all humankind. h��WmO�H�+�����{OI�V��=B'�,�WǎlS��3���G��5�zvvv��G(�&�cB@T The password to access the protected tests and answer keys is: ReadersProtect > Starter > Beginner > Elementary > Pre-intermediate > Intermediate > Upper Intermediate; Starter Level. Credits: NASA. Creola Katherine Johnson (née Coleman; August 26, 1918 – February 24, 2020) was an American mathematician whose calculations of orbital mechanics as a NASA employee were critical to the success of the first and subsequent U.S. crewed spaceflights. During her 35-year career at NASA and its predecessor, she earned a reputation for mastering complex manual calculations and helped pioneer … DIRECTIONS: The following Activity is designed to review writing very large or very small numbers in a more precise form known as scientific notation. Katherine Johnson, American mathematician who calculated and analyzed the flight paths of many spacecraft during her more than three decades with the U.S. space program. (Grades 5-8) series. “When Computers Wore Skirts:” Katherine Johnson, Christine Darden, and the “West Computers” Activity Answer Key . Katherine G. Johnson. The movie Hidden Figures highlights the role of NASA's "computers" such as Katherine Johnson and their contributions. Credits: Katherine Johnson. Think like a Human Computer! She was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom on Nov. 24, 2015. The better solution is to actually correct the problem. Katherine Johnson was an African American mathematician who worked for NASA from 1953 until 1986. In a time … Her work helped send astronauts to the Moon. Gloria Champine. endstream endobj 115 0 obj <><><>]/ON[138 0 R]/Order[]/RBGroups[]>>/OCGs[138 0 R]>>/Outlines 95 0 R/Pages 111 0 R/Type/Catalog>> endobj 116 0 obj <>/MediaBox[0 0 612 792]/Parent 111 0 R/Resources<>/ExtGState<>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC]/XObject<>>>/Rotate 0/Type/Page>> endobj 117 0 obj <>stream Use this digital flip book to organize information about her life. If you're behind a web filter, please make sure that the domains *.kastatic.org and *.kasandbox.org are unblocked. A Wikipedia article about this author is available. Katherine Johnson was an African American physicist and mathematician who worked to create the first calculations to send humans into space. The text is differentiated for your high, mid, and lower level students.

who is katherine johnson answer key pdf

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